Since April 28 is available for download the final release of Ubuntu 4.11, or also known as “Natty Narwhal.” Considered the most popular Linux distribution market, Ubuntu brings many new features to its users.
In this column I will present the main features of the operating system free and open source, that each version brings its users a feature-rich platform.
Manager graphical environment
Among the improvements implemented in Ubuntu, there is the Unity, the new manager graphical environment developed by the maintainer of the distribution. Unlike other operating systems, Linux allows the user to choose what will be the manager’s graphical environment. The advantage of this freedom of choice, is to match the features most appropriate to the hardware on which the system will be installed. That is, if the PC does not have a great performance, you can opt for a GUI “lighter” so that the user can take best advantage of your machine.
Already in the latest equipment, the system relies on a variety of graphical effects to make the usability of the system even more functional. Although Ubuntu 4.11 come with Unity as its default desktop environment manager, if the hardware is not supported, the operating system is loaded with the manager “Classic”, present in earlier versions. This is also valid if the user prefers Gnome with the manager. Of course, other graphical environments are also supported and are available in the “Programs Center Ubuntu.”
Due to this change, there was a unification between versions of the system aimed at laptops.Up to version 10.10, Netbooks users could choose between the traditional version of the system, or specific to this kind of PC. In the current version, there is only a Server or Desktop versions, since Unity is also recommended for use in Netbooks.
Try before you install the programs
It is possible to assess whether the software is about to be installed is actually compatible with the operating system. It will also be allowed users to leave comments about the programs that were installed by the manager. All comments will be visible at the interface of the program installation. This initiative will allow for a little while, whether or not the “reputation” of a particular program.
Compatibility of programs for different architectures
The difficulty in finding programs compatible with 64-bit architecture seems to be in their final days. In version 11.4 of Ubuntu, we implemented a feature that will allow the installation of programs that were originally developed for the x86 (32 bit). This improvement in compatibility, extending the list of applications available for the end user.
Files in the “cloud”
For Ubuntu users, you can create an account on the storage service and sync files. 2 GB are available for free on Ubuntu One . If the storage capacity is not enough, you can hire more virtual disk space. The synchronization interface has been improved, and more intuitive, you can also connect with email, phone and even integration with the Facebook profile.
Banshee 1.9.5 replace Rhythmbox as default player in Ubuntu 4.11. Versatile, the player also allows you to create podcasts, integration with the Ubuntu One Music Store, native support for external subtitles or embedded in the video, among other features.
Firefox 4 is the default browser, but other browsers like Google Chrome or Opera, can also be installed on the system.
The LibreOffice 3.3.2 replaces the OpenOffice.org office suite as official. It is noteworthy that documents generated by the programs, whether in traditional or open standards (. Doc,. Xls,. Ppt). Are supported by equivalent programs on Windows and Mac OS X.
To organize and make minor edits to files, the news is the image manager Shotwell as standard.
The adoption of Linux-based operating systems can be an economical alternative, aiming to reduce spending on licenses. But in addition to free, the system provides stability and security to its users. Besides having periodic updates.
If you want to install on your PC, the column-strip questions already addressed this issue previously . The steps are the same, but we must be careful to create backup of important files. You can also install the system on a virtual machine (VirtualBox, VMware). Another alternative is to use Wubi , through it you can install Ubuntu using Windows itself.